Don’t let valuable tax deductions go down the drain. Attend our Dec. 11 webinar (or watch the recording) to discuss this content.
By Robert A. Green
Getting through your holiday “to-do” list — sending cards, gift buying, wrapping presents and baking cookies — is important for enjoying the holidays. The list may be long, but if you want gifts from Uncle Sam-ta, here are 6 items to add to it. Just be sure to execute them before year-end.
1. Make portfolio and business transactions for significant tax advantages.
Consider year-end transactions like selling winning or losing investment portfolio or business positions, invoicing clients and purchasing business items. If you are in the top tax bracket, defer income and accelerate expenses to reduce Obama-era tax hikes on income and net investment taxes (the combined federal tax rate is 44%). If you’re in lower tax brackets, accelerate income and defer expenses to utilize potentially wasted itemized deductions and take advantage of lower marginal tax brackets. A Roth IRA conversion is great for soaking up lower tax rates. Learn more in our year-end tax planning blog and webinar.
2. Don’t get caught paying taxes on phantom income. (Ouch! That would hurt.)
If you take a loss on a security toward year-end and buy back a substantially identical position in any of your taxable and/or IRA accounts within 30 days before or after, it’s considered a wash sale loss deferral (and permanently lost with an IRA). Break the chain on wash sales by not buying the position back in 30 days and get credit for the full tax loss in 2014. Business traders should consider a Section 475 MTM election in 2015 to convert year-end wash sale losses on trading positions into business ordinary losses on Jan. 1. Turn garbage into gold!
3. You’ve set up your entity, but unless you execute compensation and employer 401(k) plans before year-end, its employee-benefit plan tax deductions will go down the drain.
Watch our video about how to use Paychex. It takes up to two weeks to sign up and execute compensation and an employer 401(k) plan, so get going today. If you want to save thousands of dollars with retirement plan and health insurance tax deductions (employee-benefit plans) for 2014, you must act on time. Plan to pay the 401(k) elective deferral portion by year-end. You can wait to fund the 25% profit-sharing plan through the due date of your 2014 tax return (including extension).
4. Don’t miss the boat on 2015; set up your trading business and entity for Jan. 2.
If you’ve been waiting to set up your trading business entity, starting on Jan. 2, 2015 is more convenient and beneficial. It breaks the chain on wash sales with your individual taxable and IRA accounts at year-end, since the entity is a different taxpayer identification number. 2015 tax compliance is easier and lower in cost, since you’ll report the entire year’s trading business activity on the entity return and skip individual tax compliance for part of the year in connection with trading activities.
It’s a little tricky to time the entity formation to a Jan. 2 start date. We can form a single-member LLC disregarded entity in December so you can execute the legal paper work and open the bank and trading accounts before year-end. We’ll add your spouse and or file the S-Corp election effective Jan. 1, 2015. As a disregarded entity in 2014, the SMLLC doesn’t force a partnership or S-Corp tax filing for 2014, even for a simple inactive entity tax return. However, in some states like California, we should wait until Jan. 2 to form the LLC, since that state charges a $800 minimum tax on LLCs even for just a few days in 2014. Consider our entity formation service.
5. Don’t get slapped with an underestimated tax payment penalty.
Get caught up with your 2014 estimated income taxes. Many traders underpay estimated taxes during the year, viewing the underestimated tax penalty as a low-cost margin loan. Why prepay taxes when you aren’t sure how the year will wind up? The Q4 estimate is due Jan. 15, 2015, so you can see where you stand at year-end first. Consider paying the state before year-end for another 2014 tax deduction, unless you trigger AMT and don’t get that benefit (state taxes are an AMT preference item).
6. The clock is ticking on RMDs, charitable contributions, gifts and FSAs.
Do your required minimum distributions (RMDs) from retirement plans, including Inheritor IRAs, and charitable contributions and gifts before year-end. If you have a flexible spending account (FSA) with an employer, you must “use it or lose it” before year-end.
Contact us ASAP: We are standing by to help our clients with these transactions.
Happy holidays from all of us at Green NFH, LLC.
Adam Manning contributed to this blog.